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Benchmark Farm Values For First Half of 2017

Farmland values largely held steady through the first half of 2017 in Grain Belt states served by Farm Credit Services of America (FCSAmerica).

Benchmark farm values overall remain unchanged in Nebraska and increased slightly in Iowa and Wyoming. South Dakota’s benchmark farm values inched down a moderate 1.8 percent. Meanwhile, in eastern Kansas, where FCSAmerica operates in alliance with Frontier Farm Credit, benchmark values were off about 3 percent.

FCSAmerica and Frontier Farm Credit monitor values on 71 benchmark farms. Where values declined, lower-quality land sales helped drive the market.

Sales activity across the five states was down 21 percent in the first half of 2017 compared to the same period in 2016.  

“It appears that the pace of decline in land values that we have seen during the past two years is slowing even though pressure on profit margins continues for grain producers,” said Mark Jensen, senior vice president and chief risk officer for FCSAmerica and Frontier Farm Credit.  “Our customer conversations remain focused on cost management, marketing plans that align with cash flow, including living expenses, and balance sheet structure needed for optimal risk protection.”

The chart below shows the average change in benchmark farm values through July 1, 2017. The number of benchmark farms in each state is in parentheses.

State

Six Month

One Year

Five Year

Ten Year

Iowa (21)

0.4%

-0.4%

-2.2%

99.1%

Kansas (7)

-3.1%

-3.0%



Nebraska (18)

0.0%

-3.3%

10.1%

164.7%

South Dakota (23)

-1.8%

-4.9%

36.8%

151.6%

Wyoming (2)

0.7%

0.7%

35.1%

45.0%



State-by-state trends include:

IOWA – Cropland prices, which increased marginally in the second quarter of 2017, are in line with those reported in 2015, but remain 19 percent below the record prices of 2013. The average price for unimproved ground sold during the second quarter of 2017 topped $8,100. Twenty-one percent of all sales in the second quarter had a per-acre price above $10,000. This was up 11 percent compared to the previous year.

Iowa land values July 2017
Public land auctions are down 4 percent for the year compared to the first half of 2016. However, second quarter sales were 18 percent higher than in the second quarter of 2016. The percentage of “no sales” fell from 4.7 percent in the first half of 2016 to to 1.7 percent for the same period this year.

KANSAS – Cropland prices declined minimally from the last half of 2016. An acre of farmland sold for an average of $3,900 during the first six months of 2017. Public land auctions were down 38 percent from the first half of 2016.

Kansas land values July 2017
NEBRASKA –
Prices on dry cropland fell sharply during the second quarter of 2017, in part because sales were down. Sales also occurred in atypical locations, as reflected in a historically low soil quality average. About a third of the sales occurred in western Nebraska.

Nebraska dryland values July 2017
Prices on irrigated cropland, by comparison, were consistent with the last half of 2016 and reflected better soil quality in the first half of 2017. The average per-acre price was near $6,600.

Nebraska irrigated values July 2017
Public land auctions dropped 28 percent from the same period in 2016.

SOUTH DAKOTA – Unimproved cropland values weakened in the first six months of 2017, which was consistent with a decline in the average quality of ground sold. The average price per acre was $4,000.

South Dakota land values July 2017
Public land auctions dropped 29 percent compared to the same period a year ago. “No sale” at auction increased to 5.4 percent, up from 3.9 percent for the first half of 2016.

WYOMING – The number of completed sales in Wyoming so far this year has declined 47 percent. The limited number and diverse nature of sales, as well as highest and best use of the land, make it difficult to identify sales trends.

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FCSAmerica serves farmers, ranchers, agribusinesses and rural residents in Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming. For inquiries outside this geography, use the Farm Credit Association Locator  to contact your local office.