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Weather Continues to Challenge U.S. Crops

Farmers in FCSAmerica’s territory had little opportunity for field work in the week that ended May 26. USDA reports one suitable day for field work in Iowa, 2.2 in Nebraska and 1.1 in South Dakota. This was less suitable field time than in the previous week.

As rain continued, the percentages of waterlogged fields continued to rise.

 

Topsoil surplus (%)

Subsoil surplus (%)

Iowa

59

55

Nebraska

40

28

South Dakota

56

48

Wyoming

19

15

8 States

37

33

 

The map below shows soil moisture in millimeters. The second map highlights the excess compared with normal.

calculated soil moisture may 28 2019
calculated soil moisture anomaly may 28 2019

At a time when 90% of the corn crop should be planted in the 18 major states, 58% is in the ground. Only 32% has emerged compared to 69% on average at this point in the growing season. Likewise, 29% percent of soybeans were planted as of May 26, less than half the 66% average. Eleven percent of the crop has emerged; the average is 35%.

Crop progress in the states we focus on:

CORN

Percent Planted

Percent Emerged

 

May 26

Avg.

May 26

Avg.

Iowa

76

96

42

77

Kansas

70

88

49

69

Nebraska

81

94

50

73

South Dakota

25

90

2

57

18 States

58

90

32

69

SOYBEANS

 

 

 

 

Iowa

32

77

8

36

Kansas

22

41

12

22

Nebraska

56

74

23

36

South Dakota

6

64

0

24

18 States

29

66

11

35

 

Grain sorghum planting also is well behind normal, at 28% in the six states USDA reports, compared with a 44% five-year average. In Nebraska, 23% is planted vs. 50% on average. Kansas was at 4% vs. 13% on average.

Spring wheat in the six states USDA reports is 84% complete against a 91% average. South Dakota spring wheat stands are 79% planted vs. 97% on average. Forty seven percent of the crop overall has emerged (average 69%), with 43% of South Dakota’s emerged (86% average).

Winter wheat

Cooler than normal temperatures continued to contribute to slow development of winter wheat: 66% of the crop has headed, 10 percentage points behind average, USDA reports. In Nebraska, 19% has headed (50% average); South Dakota wheat is at zero percent (20% average).

Looking ahead

There is a 70% chance that El Niño will continue through the Northern Hemisphere summer, according to the Climate Prediction Center. Chances are 55% to 60% that it linger through fall. All this suggest continued wet weather.

three month precipitation june 2019 three month temperature june 2019

In its outlook for June, July and August, the CPC shows above normal chances of precipitation and a tendency for below normal temperatures in the Western Corn Belt/Plains. There is a better than usual chance for above normal temperatures in the East.

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FCSAmerica serves farmers, ranchers, agribusinesses and rural residents in Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming. For inquiries outside this geography, use the Farm Credit Association Locator  to contact your local office.