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Planting 2019: A Daunting Task

The Crop Progress report for the week of May 12 confirms only modest progress in planting. In the 18 reported states, just 30% of the corn crop and 9% of the soybeans have been planted versus 66% and 29% five-year averages respectively.

State

Corn planted as
of May 12

Increase from
previous week

Five-year average
for date

Iowa

48%

12%

76%

Kansas

46

5

67

Nebraska

46

11

72

South Dakota

4

4

54

 

Looking at soybeans, the 18 states added only 3 percentage points to planted acres. States we serve:

State

Beans planted as
of May 12

Increase from
previous week

Five-year average
for date

Iowa

13%

5%

31%

Kansas

7

2

16

Nebraska

20

6

20

South Dakota

0

0

19

 

Grain sorghum also is behind normal, but more modestly.

State

Sorghum planted as
of May 12

Five-year average
for date

Kansas

1

3

Nebraska

8

15

South Dakota

0

5

 

Spring wheat

South Dakota’s spring wheat crop is one percentage point ahead of the six-state average for planting, at 46%. This compares with the state’s average of 88% planted at this date and 67% average for the six states.

Little wonder, as the days suitable for fieldwork were very low:

Iowa

1.9 days

Kansas

1.1 days

Nebraska

2.7 days

South Dakota

1.7 days

Wyoming

3.1 days

 

Winter wheat headed

The winter wheat crop is running late as well given the cool wet weather.

State Winter wheat headed Five-year average

Kansas

35%

64%

Nebraska

2%

12%

South Dakota

0%

1%

 

Condition is weighted on the top side, with 56% of the Kansas crop good/excellent and only 11% poor/very poor. Nebraska has 67% on the top end and 4 on the bottom and South Dakota, 68% and 6%. In the 18 states, 64% of the crop is good/excellent and 8% poor/very poor.

Huge swing from dryness

About a third of the crop land has surplus topsoil moisture, USDA reports, with the 48-state average at 34%. The states we report reflect the same tendency.

State

Surplus

Adequate

Short/Very short

Iowa

32

67

1

Kansas

36

62

2

Nebraska

17

79

4

South Dakota

39

61

0

Wyoming

10

83

7

 

Subsoil moisture is running similarly adequate to surplus, suggesting that when the crop gets into the ground, it will take a while before water becomes an issue – and the long-range weather outlook favors normal or more rainfall through the season.

Pasture conditions also look good, with 63% reported good/excellent in the 48 states and only 7% at the low end of ratings.

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FCSAmerica serves farmers, ranchers, agribusinesses and rural residents in Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming. For inquiries outside this geography, use the Farm Credit Association Locator  to contact your local office.